Machu Picchu



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Machu Picchu
The City, built atop a mountain in the Peruvian Andes, had been forgotten for more than three centuries, when it was discovered by the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911. Known to the Incas as Vilcapampa, the once-fortified city, was never found by the Spanish .

Machu Picchu is best known for its architecture, which combines fine stone buildings with extensive agriculture terraces, creating the appearance of a settlement literally carved out of the mountainsides. The style of its buildings and pottery as well as its careful planning suggest that the town was built under the supervision of the Inca State, which was centered at Cuzco. Perhaps the most famous feature of the site is a carved natural stone, known as "Intihuatana", enclosed by curved walls of dressed stone with trapezoidal windows. The stone and its complex of surrounding walls are probably related to the sun religion of the Inca as well as to their veneration of certain natural stones.